Kashmir, the egalitarian shared sovereignty and what Kashmiris are concerned about?
We introduced the EGALITARIAN SHARED SOVEREIGNTY last time. Today, we will present some key elements related to Kashmir. Next time both are combined (the EGALITARIAN SHARED SOVEREIGNTY and the elements below) to offer a potential ideal solution to Kashmir.
There are several agents in this particular dispute with various features in terms of population and therefore, there are undoubtedly several differences amongst them. In what follows, some of these differences will be used to show how the egalitarian shared sovereignty works.
For example, India presents the largest of the three populations with 1,210,854,977 people (Census India 2011) and the biggest economy with a nominal GDP per capita of 1,617 (International Monetary Fund estimates for 2015–in U$S dollars). Meanwhile, Pakistan has a population of 132,352,279 people (Census Pakistan 1998; the only official figure so far) with a nominal GDP per capita of 1,450 (International Monetary Fund estimates for 2015–in U$S dollars.) and Jammu and Kashmir showed a total of 12,541,302 people [Figure and percentages referred to the state of Jammu and Kashmir that includes Kashmir, Jammu, and Ladakh (Census India 2011)] with no official figures with regard to their GDP per capita (there is no International Monetary Fund estimate for Jammu and Kashmir).
By combining these figures features, it is easy to see that India is both larger in terms of population and nominal GDP per capita in comparison to Pakistan, and this offers a difference in this conflict that can help to achieve a solution. That is because in relation to the inhabitants of both parts of Kashmir (under Indian and Pakistani administration), although they do think the dispute is important for them personally, for a very large majority the main concerns are other issues. Unemployment, government corruption, poor economic development, human rights abuses are what the Kashmiris are really interested in.
NOTE: This post is based on Jorge Emilio Núñez, “Territorial Disputes and State Sovereignty: International Law and Politics,” London and New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2020 (forthcoming)Previous published research monograph about territorial disputes and sovereignty by the author, Jorge Emilio Núñez, “Sovereignty Conflicts and International Law and Politics: A Distributive Justice Issue,” London and New York: Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2017.
NEXT POST: Kashmir and the application of the egalitarian shared sovereignty.
Monday 07th October 2019
Dr Jorge Emilio Núñez